Monthly Archives: March 2011

Forming a 2D window from a 1D Function

I came to this question because of the Kaiser window used for my BM3D implementation. I used Matlab to generate the Kaiser window I want for my C code so I don’t bother to write that function in my project. However, Matlab only has 1D version of the window functions. The following demonstrates two ways to generate the 2D window from its 1D function.


There are basically two ways of forming a 2D window from a 1D function. The
first is the outer product formulation; the second is the rotational
formulation. To create a outer product window (which your kaiser examples
look like they are trying to do), you can use

w1D = hamming(16); % Some 1D window
w2D = w1D(:) * w1D(:).’; % Outer product

To use a rotational formulation (which generally gives more circular
contours), you can use

L = 16;
w1D = hamming(L); % Some 1D window
M = (L-1)/2;
xx = linspace(-M,M,L);
[x,y] = meshgrid(xx);
r = sqrt( x.^2 + y.^2 );
w2D = zeros(L);
w2D(r<=M) = interp1(xx,w1D,r(r<=M));


Using opencv from python on windows

The official OpenCV2.2 installer does not install the Python bindings into your Python directory. There should be a Python2.7 directory inside your OpenCV 2.2.0 installation directory. Copy the whole Lib folder from OpenCV\Python2.7\ to C:\Python27\. Then set the windows environmental variable PATH to include your OpenCV\bin directory together with C:\Python.

Alternatively use the opencv-python installers at